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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic properties of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase from spinach chloroplast envelope membranes.

We have investigated the functioning of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthase activity partially purified from spinach chloroplast envelope membranes, using mixed micelles containing diacylglycerol (the substrate for MGDG synthase), CHAPS (3-[(cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1- propanesulfonic acid), and phosphatidylglycerol. The presence of this anionic phospholipid was essential for optimal MGDG synthase activity because it strongly improves diacylglycerol solubilization by CHAPS. We have demonstrated that the "surface dilution" kinetic model proposed by Deems et al. (Deems, R.A., Eaton, B.R., and Dennis, E.A. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 9013-9020) is valid for MGDG synthase assayed in mixed micelles within a narrow range of CHAPS concentration. However, the experimental conditions we have set up in this study led to the description of defined equilibrium and kinetic parameters of the interaction of the envelope MGDG synthase with diacylglycerol. Two-substrate kinetic studies were performed with varied UDP-galactose molar concentrations and varied dioleoylglycerol surface concentrations. The families of reciprocal plots obtained were shown to intersect at a single point of the 1/[substrate] axis thus demonstrating that MGDG synthase is a sequential, either random or ordered, bireactant system. Therefore, MGDG synthase possesses two distinct and independent substrate-binding sites, a hydrophilic one for UDP-galactose and a hydrophobic one for diacylglycerol. The dependence of kinetic parameters on the diacylglycerol mol fraction allows a comparison of the affinity of the enzyme for a wide range of diacylglycerol molecular species. The Km values obtained were ranging between 0.0089 mol fraction (52 microM) for dilinoleoylglycerol (18:2/18:2) to 0.0666 mol fraction (416 microM) for distearoylglycerol (18:0/18:0), but the differences observed were not really related to the unsaturation of the molecule since the Km value for dilinoleoylglycerol was much lower than that (0.040 mol fraction) for dilinoleoylglycerol (18:3/18:3). The Km values for dioleoylglycerol (18:1/18:1) and for the diacylglycerol molecular species synthesized within chloroplasts, i.e. containing 18:1/16:0, were in the average range, i.e. lower than 0.030 mol fraction (around 170 microM).[1]


  1. Kinetic properties of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase from spinach chloroplast envelope membranes. Maréchal, E., Block, M.A., Joyard, J., Douce, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
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