The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epristeride is a selective and specific uncompetitive inhibitor of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase isoform 2.

Specificity of an enzyme inhibitor can have profound implications upon the compound's therapeutic potential, utility and safety profile. As potent inhibitors of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase (SR) the 3-androstene-3-carboxylic acids, or steroidal acrylates, may be useful in treatment of diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia for which 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) appears to be a causative agent. To determine its specificity profile, the interactions of a representative compound from this class, N-(t-butyl)androst-3,5-diene-17 beta-carboxamide-3-carboxylic acid (epristeride, SK&F 105657), have been studied with 7 other steroid processing enzymes and 5 steroid hormone receptors. The affinity of epristeride for each of these 12 potential targets was found to be at least 1000-fold weaker than that for SR, the intended target. In addition, using samples of the individually expressed two known forms of human SRs, epristeride has been shown to be a selective inhibitor of the recombinant human SR type 2, the predominant activity found in the prostate of man. Nonetheless, the mechanisms of SR inhibition for both isoenzymes involve formation of a ternary complex with epristeride, NADP+, and enzyme. Epristeride, consequently, has been shown to be an uncompetitive inhibitor versus steroid substrate of both human SR isoenzymes. These results suggest that this 3-androstene-3-carboxylic acid is a specific and selective inhibitor of the human type 2 SR, and that epristeride is an attractive compound for further investigation as a safe and effective therapeutic agent in the potential treatment of disease states associated with DHT-induced tissue growth.[1]


  1. Epristeride is a selective and specific uncompetitive inhibitor of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase isoform 2. Levy, M.A., Brandt, M., Sheedy, K.M., Dinh, J.T., Holt, D.A., Garrison, L.M., Bergsma, D.J., Metcalf, B.W. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities