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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of the catalytic base in long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.

We have used molecular modeling and site-directed mutagenesis to identify the catalytic residues of human long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Among the acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, a family of flavoenzymes involved in beta-oxidation of fatty acids, only the three-dimensional structure of the medium chain fatty acid specific enzyme from pig liver has been determined (Kim, J.-J.P., Wang, M., & Paschke, R. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 7523-7527). Despite the overall sequence homology, the catalytic residue (E376) of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is not conserved in isovaleryl- and long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases. A molecular model of human long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase was derived using atomic coordinates determined by X-ray diffraction studies of the pig medium chain specific enzyme, interactive graphics, and molecular mechanics calculations. The model suggests that E261 functions as the catalytic base in the long-chain dehydrogenase. An altered dehydrogenase in which E261 was replaced by a glutamine was constructed, expressed, purified, and characterized. The mutant enzyme exhibited less than 0.02% of the wild-type activity. These data strongly suggest that E261 is the base that abstracts the alpha-proton of the acyl-CoA substrate in the catalytic pathway of this dehydrogenase.[1]


  1. Identification of the catalytic base in long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Djordjevic, S., Dong, Y., Paschke, R., Frerman, F.E., Strauss, A.W., Kim, J.J. Biochemistry (1994) [Pubmed]
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