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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Triamterene inhibits the delayed rectifier potassium current (IK) in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.

In humans, proarrhythmia during therapy with action potential-prolonging drugs can be associated with hypokalemia often provoked by concomitant administration of diuretic agents. Consequently, therapy with class III antiarrhythmics and K(+)-sparing diuretics, such as triamterene, may be indicated. Triamterene, along with its K(+)-sparing properties, exhibits other pharmacological effects. In the heart, it can increase action potential duration (guinea pig atria and papillary muscles), protect against reperfusion-induced arrhythmias (rat), and increase the QT interval (humans). Therefore, studies were undertaken to assess effects of triamterene on cardiac K+ repolarizing currents. Guinea pig ventricular myocytes were superfused at 30 degrees C with Cd(2+)-containing solution to block Isi and held at -40 mV to inactivate INa. Currents were measured in the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. The delayed rectifier outward current (IK) was elicited by short (250-millisecond) and long (5000-millisecond) depolarizing pulses, and time-independent currents were assessed by a rapid ramp test protocol. After high-voltage long pulses (+50 mV; 5000 milliseconds), tail current amplitude of the slow component of IK (IKs) was decreased 36 +/- 6% (n = 6) and 51 +/- 8% (n = 6) by triamterene 10(-5) and 10(-4) mol/L, respectively. After low-voltage short pulses (-20 mV; 250 milliseconds), tail current amplitude corresponding essentially to the rapid component of IK (IKr) was decreased only 14 +/- 11% (n = 9) and 19 +/- 10% (n = 10) by triamterene 10(-5) and 10(-4) mol/L, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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