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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mitotic feedback control gene MAD2 encodes the alpha-subunit of a prenyltransferase.

The mad2-1 mutation inactivates the cell-cycle feedback control that prevents budding yeast cells from leaving mitosis until spindle assembly is complete. The gene product of MAD2 shows significant sequence similarity to the alpha-subunit of prenyltransferases. Here we isolate a new temperature-sensitive mad2 mutant, mad2-2ts, and find that Mad2p is required for the membrane association of Ypt1p and Sec4p, two prenylated small GTP-binding proteins involved in protein trafficking. Extracts from mad2-2ts mutant cells fail to geranylgeranylate a number of substrates at the non-permissive temperature. mad2-2ts is synthetically lethal with bet2-1, a mutation in the gene that encodes for the beta-subunit of the Ypt1p and Sec4p geranylgeranyl transferase. Therefore MAD2 and BET2 gene products may physically interact to form a geranylgeranyl transferase complex. In addition, the difference between the phenotypes of mad2-1 and mad2-2ts suggests that MAD2 has distinct roles in protein transport and the mitotic feedback control.[1]


  1. The mitotic feedback control gene MAD2 encodes the alpha-subunit of a prenyltransferase. Li, R., Havel, C., Watson, J.A., Murray, A.W. Nature (1993) [Pubmed]
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