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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific interaction of SPARC with endothelial cells is mediated through a carboxyl-terminal sequence containing a calcium-binding EF hand.

SPARC is a secreted, Ca(2+)-binding protein that modulates cell shape and gene expression (Sage, E.H., and Bornstein, P. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 14831-14834). In the present study we questioned whether SPARC interacted with an endothelial cell surface receptor. The binding of 125I-SPARC to bovine aortic endothelial cells was dependent on Ca2+ and was sensitive to small changes in extracellular pH; maximal binding occurred at pH 7. 1. Scatchard analysis indicated approximately 2.3 x 10(7) binding sites/cell with an apparent KI of 1.1 nM. The interaction was diminished specifically by competition with synthetic peptides corresponding to amino acids 54-73 (SPARC 54-73) and 254-273 (SPARC254-273). The binding of 125I-SPARC254-273, a sequence containing a Ca(2+)-binding EF-hand, was saturated within 45 min at a concentration of 5 microM; Scatchard analysis indicated 4.2 x 10(7) sites/cell and a KI of 2.4 nM. Iodinated proteins from plasma membranes were affinity-chromatographed on SPARC254-273; several proteins with apparent masses ranging from 153 to 100 kDa (unreduced) or from 153 to 122 kDa (reduced) were eluted with the soluble peptide. These proteins represent candidates for a SPARC receptor(s) that mediates the biological activity of this protein on endothelial cells.[1]


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