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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and pharmacological characterization of a hamster urinary bladder neurokinin A receptor cDNA.

Functional cDNA clones for hamster neurokinin-2 receptor ( NK-2R) were isolated from hamster urinary bladder using a polymerase chain reaction-based methodology. The hamster NK-2R consists of 384 amino acids with a relative molecular weight of 43,418. Hamster NK-2R shares significant amino acid sequence homology with other tachykinin receptors, particularly with rat, bovine, and human NK-2R (94.3, 84.4, and 86.5%, respectively). To examine the pharmacology of cloned hamster NK-2R, we transfected mouse erythroleukemia cells with this receptor, prepared high speed membranes, and studied the receptor properties utilizing the ligand [4,5-3H-Leu9]NKA in a receptor-binding assay. For pharmacological comparison, we also transfected the human NK-2R into mouse erythroleukemia cells. [3H]NKA bound to hamster NK-2R receptor in a protein-dependent, high affinity (Kd1 = 4.14 +/- 0.31 nM), saturable (Bmax1 = 679 +/- 26 fmol/mg of protein), and highly specific manner (89 +/- 2%). A smaller population (10% density) of lower affinity receptors (Kd2 = 150 +/- 92 nM), was also observed in competition experiments. [3H]NKA bound to the human receptor with significantly higher affinity and overall greater receptor density (Kd1 = 0.37 +/- 0.11 nM, Bmax1 = 234 +/- 175 fmol/mg of protein; Kd2 = 9.0 +/- 2 nM, Bmax2 = 1989 + 990 fmol/mg of protein). [3H]NKA binding to both hamster and human receptors was enhanced greatly by divalent cations, whereas GTP analogs weakly inhibited binding to hamster receptor, but potently inhibited binding to the human receptor. Competition experiments with agonists demonstrated binding to high and low affinity states of NK-2 receptors, with identical order of potency in hamster or human NK-2R; NKA > [Nle10]NKA(4-10) > [beta-Ala8]NKA(4-10) >> substance P >>> Senktide. However, remarkable differences were observed in studies with selective NK-2 antagonists (hamster, SR48,968 > L659,877 > R396 >> MEN10,376 versus human, SR48,968 > MEN10,376 > L659,877 > R396). The rank order of antagonist affinity is consistent with the observations of NK-2 receptor pharmacology in the native tissues.[1]


  1. Isolation and pharmacological characterization of a hamster urinary bladder neurokinin A receptor cDNA. Aharony, D., Little, J., Thomas, C., Powell, S., Berry, D., Graham, A. Mol. Pharmacol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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