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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced oxidation of aniline derivatives by two mutants of cytochrome c peroxidase at tryptophan 51.

Two hyperactive mutants of cytochrome c peroxidase ( CCP), W51F and W51A, catalyze the enhanced oxidation of a number of substituted anilines. The reaction of CCP compound ES with mesidine is biphasic, while similar reactions using compound II give monophasic kinetics. These data, in addition to the ratio of the Fe4+ = O and free-radical species observed during steady-state turnover, indicate that reduction of the Trp-191 free radical of compound ES is more rapid than the reduction of the Fe4+ = O species. Transient kinetics were examined for the oxidation of eight mono-substituted anilines by CCP, W51F, and W51A. Each of the aniline derivatives were oxidized by the mutants at rates that exceeded that of the wild-type enzyme, and the rate constant for m-chloroaniline was 400-fold faster for W51F than for wild-type CCP. Variations in the rate constants for the different substrates follow a linear free-energy relationship using the Hammet substituent effect parameter sigma +, implicating electron transfer from the aniline ring in the transition state. For aniline oxidation, the free energy of activation is 3 kcal/mol lower for the mutants than for wild-type CCP, and this is due primarily to an increase in the activation entropy. These results indicate that the enhanced kinetics of W51F and W51A result from a generalized increase in enzyme reactivity characterized by an exo-entropic transition state such as dissociation of bound H2O from the Fe4+ = O center.[1]


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