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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Titration of the in vivo uptake of 16 alpha-[18F]fluoroestradiol by target tissues in the rat: competition by tamoxifen, and implications for quantitating estrogen receptors in vivo and the use of animal models in receptor-binding radiopharmaceutical development.

We have measured in vivo the uptake of 16 alpha-[18F]estradiol ( FES) by target tissues in the immature rat at increasing dose levels (obtained by dilution of [18F]FES with unlabeled estradiol). This was done to examine the binding capacity of target tissues in vivo and to determine whether the uptake in receptor-rich tissues was flow limited, as this has implications concerning the appropriateness of using receptor-rich tissues in experimental animals as models for FES uptake by receptor-poor breast tumors in humans. We also wanted to establish the dose level of the anti-estrogen tamoxifen required to block target tissue uptake of FES. We found that in untreated rats, specific uptake in the uterus saturated at c. 180 pmol/g, in the ovary at c. 54 pmol/g and in the muscle at c. 2 pmol/g. At an intermediate dose of tamoxifen (570 micrograms/kg), uptake saturated at somewhat lower levels, and at a high tamoxifen dose (1710 micrograms/kg), yet lower specific uptake was evident. In the FES titrations at low dose levels of FES, both the uterus and the ovaries, but not the muscle, showed characteristics of flow-limited uptake, i.e. the uptake-to-dose ratio reached a maximum level. This flow limitation suggests that only when receptor levels are sufficiently low will the FES uptake be related to receptor concentration. While receptor-rich tissues such as the rat uterus will show this flow limitation, the receptor concentration in most primary and metastatic human breast tumors is sufficiently low, so that the uptake should parallel receptor content. In in vivo distribution studies, target tissues (or tumors) with low receptor content will be more fully saturated and ligand more readily displaced. Also, uptake by secondary target tissues (i.e. those with a lower content of estrogen receptor, such as muscle, thymus and kidney) may be better models for assessing the effectiveness of new breast tumor imaging agents than uptake by receptor-rich tissues.[1]


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