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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Collapsin: a protein in brain that induces the collapse and paralysis of neuronal growth cones.

Repulsive guidance cues can steer neuronal growth cones during development and prevent mature axons from regenerating. We have identified a 100 kd glycoprotein in the chick brain that is a good candidate for a repulsive cue. Since it induces the collapse and paralysis of neuronal growth cones in vitro, we have named it collapsin. It is effective at concentrations of approximately 10 pM. The C-terminal half of collapsin contains a single immunoglobulin-like domain and an additional highly basic region. The N-terminal half of collapsin shares significant homology with fasciclin IV, a growth cone guidance protein in grasshopper. Recombinant collapsin causes sensory ganglion growth cones to collapse but not retinal ganglion cell growth cones. We propose that collapsin could serve as a ligand that guides specific growth cones by a motility-inhibiting mechanism.[1]


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