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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Kedarcidin chromophore: an enediyne that cleaves DNA in a sequence-specific manner.

Kedarcidin chromophore is a 9-membered enediyne, recently isolated from an actinomycete strain. In vivo studies show this molecule to be extremely active against P388 leukemia and B16 melanoma. Cytotoxicity assays on the HCT116 colon carcinoma cell line result in an IC50 value of 1 nM. In vitro experiments with phi X174, pM2 DNA, and 32P-end-labeled restriction fragments demonstrate that this chromophore binds and cleaves duplex DNA with a remarkable sequence selectivity producing single-strand breaks. The cleavage chemistry requires reducing agents and oxygen similar to the other naturally occurring enediynes. Certain cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+) prevent strand cleavage. High-resolution 1H NMR studies on the chromophore in the presence of calcium chloride implicate the 2-hydroxynaphthoyl moiety in DNA binding. Interestingly, the kedarcidin chromophore appears structurally related to neocarzinostatin yet recognizes specific DNA sequences in a manner similar to calicheamicin gamma 1I, an enediyne with a significantly different structure. Moreover, kedarcidin and calicheamicin share a DNA preferred site, the TCCTN-mer. These observations indicate that the individual structural features of these agents are not solely responsible for their DNA selectivity. Rather, a complementarity between their overall tertiary structure and the local conformation of the DNA at the binding sites must play a significant role in the recognition process.[1]

References

  1. Kedarcidin chromophore: an enediyne that cleaves DNA in a sequence-specific manner. Zein, N., Colson, K.L., Leet, J.E., Schroeder, D.R., Solomon, W., Doyle, T.W., Casazza, A.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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