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Chemical Compound Review

Bovikalc     calcium dichloride

Synonyms: Caloride, Daraccel, Liquical, Jarcal, Stopit, ...
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Disease relevance of Anhydrous calcium chloride


Psychiatry related information on Anhydrous calcium chloride

  • In addition, LaCl3-induced amnesia was fully prevented by CaCl2 [6].
  • One hundred eighty repeated batch reactions (total reaction time, 3780 h) were made with mycelia entrapped in calcium alginate gels as the catalyst, in the presence of 90 mM CaCl2 [7].
  • On the other hand, calcium chloride produced a suppression of the RQ rise without altering the satiation [8].

High impact information on Anhydrous calcium chloride


Chemical compound and disease context of Anhydrous calcium chloride


Biological context of Anhydrous calcium chloride


Anatomical context of Anhydrous calcium chloride

  • Stimulation of keratinocyte differentiation with 1.4 mM calcium chloride for 48 h produced 3.5-, 3.2-, and 5.6-fold increases in thrombomodulin cofactor activity, antigen, and mRNA, respectively [13].
  • When 10 million neutrophils were incubated in 1 ml of normal plasma in the presence of 30 mM CaCl2 for 90 min, 2.75 micrograms of elastase was released [24].
  • Experimental aneurysmatic dilatation of the rabbit common carotid artery was induced by a single, periarterial application of calcium chloride in vivo [4].
  • In order to evaluate the effect of acute moderate hypercalcemia on both smooth and skeletal muscle function of the human esophagus, 12 subjects were given intravenous calcium chloride in normal saline [25].
  • RESULTS: The trypsin activities in the proximal quarter of the small intestine were similar in rats infused with bile and with Tris buffer containing 10 mmol/L CaCl2 (without bile); however, increments of pancreatic secretions of fluid and protein were significantly higher in rats without bile infusion than in those with bile infusion [26].

Associations of Anhydrous calcium chloride with other chemical compounds

  • The elution position of Factor VIII procoagulant activity from 4% agarose in 0.25 M CaCl2, and hence its apparent molecular weight, varied with the protein concentration applied to the column; at low protein concentrations it was eluted close to the inner volume [27].
  • There was also a significant positive linear correlation between FBF and venous plasma cyclic GMP during infusions of alpha hANP with the simultaneous administration of CaCl2 (r = 0.807, P less than 0.01) [28].
  • At 22 degrees C in 1 mM MgCl2, 10 mM imidazole (pH 7), 0.2 mM ATP with 1 mM EGTA or 50 microM CaCl2 or with EGTA and 50 mM KCl, the elongation rates at both ends have a linear dependence on the ATP-actin concentration from the critical concentration to 20 microM [29].
  • This particulate coating was released from the membrane surfaces by 10 mM CaCl2 and recovered free of membranes after dialysis against 0.5 mM EGTA and high-speed centrifugation [30].
  • A plasma membrane-enriched fraction prepared by homogenization in a low salt/CaCl2 buffer was found to contain a substantial amount of residual actin which could be removed by treatment with 1 M Na2CO3/NaHCO3, pH 10 [31].

Gene context of Anhydrous calcium chloride

  • In contrast to PKC1-depleted cells, all of the conditional pkc1 mutants isolated were suppressed by the addition of CaCl2 to the medium, suggesting that the mutant enzymes could be activated by Ca2+ [32].
  • Induction of FKS2 expression in response to pheromone, CaCl2, or loss of FKS1 function requires the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin [33].
  • CaCl2 (greater than 0.5 mM) and NaCl (greater than 0.2 M) inhibited the binding of pro-t-PA and of t-PA [34].
  • Atomic absorption spectroscopy demonstrated that the thrombospondin-4 constructs bind seven less calcium than the thrombospondin-2 construct at 0.6 mM CaCl2 [35].
  • In 2 mM CaCl2, the near UV circular dichroism spectra of thrombospondin-2, but not thrombospondin-4, contain a positive band at 292 nm that disappears upon calcium chelation [35].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Anhydrous calcium chloride


  1. Risk factors for pancreatic cellular injury after cardiopulmonary bypass. Fernández-del Castillo, C., Harringer, W., Warshaw, A.L., Vlahakes, G.J., Koski, G., Zaslavsky, A.M., Rattner, D.W. N. Engl. J. Med. (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Parathyroidectomy reduces 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1 alpha-hydroxylase activity in the hypocalcemic vitamin D-deficient chick. Booth, B.E., Tsai, H.C., Morris, R.C. J. Clin. Invest. (1977) [Pubmed]
  3. Parathyroid hormone secretion in vivo. Demonstration of a calcium-independent nonsuppressible component of secretion. Mayer, G.P., Habener, J.F., Potts, J.T. J. Clin. Invest. (1976) [Pubmed]
  4. Aneurysm of the rabbit common carotid artery induced by periarterial application of calcium chloride in vivo. Gertz, S.D., Kurgan, A., Eisenberg, D. J. Clin. Invest. (1988) [Pubmed]
  5. Expression in Escherichia coli of the psbO gene encoding the 33 kd protein of the oxygen-evolving complex from spinach. Seidler, A., Michel, H. EMBO J. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Investigations into the neuropharmacological basis of temporal stages of memory formation in mice trained in an active avoidance task. Mizumori, S.J., Sakai, D.H., Rosenzweig, M.R., Bennett, E.L., Wittreich, P. Behav. Brain Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  7. Practical resolution system for DL-pantoyl lactone using the lactonase from Fusarium oxysporum. Sakamoto, K., Honda, K., Wada, K., Kita, S., Tsuzaki, K., Nose, H., Kataoka, M., Shimizu, S. J. Biotechnol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. The effect of meal composition on the degree of satiation following a test meal and possible mechanisms involved. Driver, C.J. Br. J. Nutr. (1988) [Pubmed]
  9. Calcium-induced displacement of membrane-associated particles upon aggregation of chromaffin granules. Schober, R., Nitsch, C., Rinne, U., Morris, S.J. Science (1977) [Pubmed]
  10. Functional assembly of intrinsic coagulation proteases on monocytes and platelets. Comparison between cofactor activities induced by thrombin and factor Xa. McGee, M.P., Li, L.C., Hensler, M. J. Exp. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  11. Matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 work in concert to produce aortic aneurysms. Longo, G.M., Xiong, W., Greiner, T.C., Zhao, Y., Fiotti, N., Baxter, B.T. J. Clin. Invest. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Endothelin and angiotensin II stimulation of Na+-H+ exchange is impaired in cardiac hypertrophy. Ito, N., Kagaya, Y., Weinberg, E.O., Barry, W.H., Lorell, B.H. J. Clin. Invest. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Thrombomodulin expression by human keratinocytes. Induction of cofactor activity during epidermal differentiation. Raife, T.J., Lager, D.J., Madison, K.C., Piette, W.W., Howard, E.J., Sturm, M.T., Chen, Y., Lentz, S.R. J. Clin. Invest. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. A phosphoethanolamine transferase specific for the outer 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid residue of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. Identification of the eptB gene and Ca2+ hypersensitivity of an eptB deletion mutant. Reynolds, C.M., Kalb, S.R., Cotter, R.J., Raetz, C.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia. Lafferty, F.W. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Hemodynamic effects of epinephrine, bicarbonate and calcium in the early postnatal period in a lamb model of single-ventricle physiology created in utero. Reddy, V.M., Liddicoat, J.R., McElhinney, D.B., Fineman, J.R., Klein, J.R., Chang, R., Hanley, F.L. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Crystallographic structure of the T=1 particle of brome mosaic virus. Larson, S.B., Lucas, R.W., McPherson, A. J. Mol. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. In vitro reassembly of infectious polyoma virions. Brady, J.N., Kendall, J.D., Consigli, R.A. J. Virol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  19. Biphasic forearm vascular responses to intraarterial arginine vasopressin. Suzuki, S., Takeshita, A., Imaizumi, T., Hirooka, Y., Yoshida, M., Ando, S., Nakamura, M. J. Clin. Invest. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Evidence for a parathyroid hormone-dependent influence of calcium on the glomerular ultrafiltration coefficient. Humes, H.D., Ichikawa, I., Troy, J.L., Brenner, B.M. J. Clin. Invest. (1978) [Pubmed]
  21. Acrosomal reaction of Thyone sperm. II. The kinetics and possible mechanism of acrosomal process elongation. Tilney, L.G., Inoué, S. J. Cell Biol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  22. Induction of nuclear envelope breakdown, chromosome condensation, and spindle formation in cell-free extracts. Lohka, M.J., Maller, J.L. J. Cell Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  23. Adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate content and actions in the division cycle of synchronized HeLa cells. Zeilig, C.E., Johnson, R.A., Sutherland, E.W., Friedman, D.L. J. Cell Biol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  24. Human plasma kallikrein releases neutrophil elastase during blood coagulation. Wachtfogel, Y.T., Kucich, U., James, H.L., Scott, C.F., Schapira, M., Zimmerman, M., Cohen, A.B., Colman, R.W. J. Clin. Invest. (1983) [Pubmed]
  25. Effect of acute hypercalcemia on human esophageal motility. Danielides, I.C., Mellow, M.H. Gastroenterology (1978) [Pubmed]
  26. Two mechanisms of inhibition by bile on luminal feedback regulation of rat pancreas. Miyasaka, K., Sazaki, N., Funakoshi, A., Matsumoto, M., Kitani, K. Gastroenterology (1993) [Pubmed]
  27. Studies on human antihemophilic factor. Evidence for a covalently linked subunit structure. Switzer, M.E., McKee, P.A. J. Clin. Invest. (1976) [Pubmed]
  28. Vasodilatory actions of alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide and high Ca2+ effects in normal man. Fujita, T., Ito, Y., Noda, H., Sato, Y., Ando, K., Kangawa, K., Matsuo, H. J. Clin. Invest. (1987) [Pubmed]
  29. Rate constants for the reactions of ATP- and ADP-actin with the ends of actin filaments. Pollard, T.D. J. Cell Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  30. Regular structures in unit membranes. II. Morphological and biochemical characterization of two water-soluble membrane proteins isolated from the suckling rat ileum. Jakoi, E.R., Zampighi, G., Robertson, J.D. J. Cell Biol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  31. Evidence for a direct, nucleotide-sensitive interaction between actin and liver cell membranes. Tranter, M.P., Sugrue, S.P., Schwartz, M.A. J. Cell Biol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  32. Mutants in the S. cerevisiae PKC1 gene display a cell cycle-specific osmotic stability defect. Levin, D.E., Bartlett-Heubusch, E. J. Cell Biol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  33. Temperature-induced expression of yeast FKS2 is under the dual control of protein kinase C and calcineurin. Zhao, C., Jung, U.S., Garrett-Engele, P., Roe, T., Cyert, M.S., Levin, D.E. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  34. Plasminogen and tissue-type plasminogen activator bind to immobilized fibronectin. Salonen, E.M., Saksela, O., Vartio, T., Vaheri, A., Nielsen, L.S., Zeuthen, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  35. Biophysical characterization of the signature domains of thrombospondin-4 and thrombospondin-2. Misenheimer, T.M., Mosher, D.F. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Vitamin D dependence of in vivo calcium transport and mucosal calcium binding protein in rat large intestine. Petith, M.M., Wilson, H.D., Schedl, H.P. Gastroenterology (1979) [Pubmed]
  37. Spatial pattern of myosin phosphorylation in contracting smooth muscle cells: evidence for contractile zones. Bennett, J.P., Cross, R.A., Kendrick-Jones, J., Weeds, A.G. J. Cell Biol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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