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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reduction of myocardial infarct size by ramiprilat is independent of angiotensin II synthesis inhibition.

The angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramiprilat, the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan, angiotensin II, ramiprilat plus angiotensin II, or saline (N = 6 each group), were administered i.v. in anesthetized, open-chest rabbit preparations of acute myocardial ischemia. Animals were instrumented for measurement of systemic hemodynamics and left ventricular +dP/dtmax, then subjected to 30 min of left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion (marginal branch) followed by 2 h of reperfusion. Ramiprilat (50 micrograms/kg), losartan (10 mg/kg), or saline were administered prior to reperfusion, and angiotensin II (2.5 ng/kg per min) was infused 15 min prior to occlusion and throughout the remainder of the experiment. Losartan was supplemented (10 mg/kg) after 1 h of reperfusion. These non-hypotensive doses of ramiprilat and losartan were demonstrated to significantly antagonize the systemic pressor effects of i.v. challenge with angiotensin I (15% of control, maximum) and II (5% of control, maximum), respectively, for the duration of the experiment. Systemic hemodynamic and +dP/dtmax changes due to occlusion/reperfusion or drug administration were similar between treatment groups. Infarct size was measured post-experimentally using tetrazolium staining and is reported as a percent of area at risk. Infarct size/area at risk (%) was significantly lower in rabbits administered ramiprilat only (20 +/- 6%*) or ramiprilat plus angiotensin II (26 +/- 5%*), compared to those receiving saline (41 +/- 6%), angiotensin II (51 +/- 4%), or losartan (52 +/- 4%, mean +/- S.E.M., * P < 0.05). These data indicate that direct angiotensin II receptor stimulation or receptor antagonism does not alter the degree of myocardial necrosis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Reduction of myocardial infarct size by ramiprilat is independent of angiotensin II synthesis inhibition. Hartman, J.C., Hullinger, T.G., Wall, T.M., Shebuski, R.J. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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