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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endopeptidase activity of cathepsin C, dipeptidyl aminopeptidase I, from bovine spleen.

By employing various synthetic substrates, as well as soluble denatured protein substrate (TAP-lysozyme) and its derivatives, endopeptidase activity of cathepsin C, dipeptidyl aminopeptidase I [EC], from bovine spleen was investigated. Cathepsin C efficiently degraded Z-Phe-Arg-MCA, Pro-Phe-Arg-MCA, and Suc-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-MCA. This endopeptidase activity required sulfhydryl reagents and halide ions, as in the case of the dipeptidyl aminopeptidase (DAP) activity. We confirmed that this endopeptidase activity is due to cathepsin C itself based on the results on gel-filtration and anion-exchange chromatographies, comparative studies of the inhibitory effects of leupeptin and E-64 on this activity and those of cathepsins B and L, and further the competitive inhibitions by mutual substrates for the DAP and endopeptidase activities of cathepsin C. We also found that cathepsin C endopeptidase activity towards TAP-lysozyme and its N-alpha-acetylated tryptic peptides showed marked dependence on sulfhydryl reagents and chloride ion. Thus, we concluded that cathepsin C has endopeptidase activity as well as DAP activity. The binding energy between the enzyme and the amino acid side chains of the substrate may be as important for the endopeptidase activity as is the electrostatic interaction between the enzyme and the free alpha-amino group of the substrate for the DAP activity.[1]


  1. Endopeptidase activity of cathepsin C, dipeptidyl aminopeptidase I, from bovine spleen. Kuribayashi, M., Yamada, H., Ohmori, T., Yanai, M., Imoto, T. J. Biochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
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