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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Superior and distinct antioxidant effects of selected estrogen metabolites on lipid peroxidation.

The effect of the estrogen metabolites, 4-hydroxyestrone and 17alpha-dihydroequilin (metabolites of estradiol-17beta and equilin, respectively), were examined for antioxidant effects on plasma and lipoprotein lipid peroxidation . Lipid peroxidation was evaluated by products of both fatty acid (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances [TBARS]) and cholesterol (oxysterols) oxidation from lipoproteins or whole plasma. Although all estrogens significantly reduced lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxyestrone was far more potent than either equilin or 17alpha-dihydroequilin in inhibiting TBARS formation in lipoproteins induced by Cu2+. Similar effects were also noted on TBARS formation in THP-l macrophages in culture. However, 17alpha-dihydroequilin (along with equilin) strongly inhibited oxysterol formation, whereas 4-hydroxyestrone was ineffective. These studies suggest that different estrogens might act preferentially on distinct lipid substrates in exhibiting antioxidant effects.[1]


  1. Superior and distinct antioxidant effects of selected estrogen metabolites on lipid peroxidation. Tang, M., Abplanalp, W., Ayres, S., Subbiah, M.T. Metab. Clin. Exp. (1996) [Pubmed]
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