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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neutralization and transfer of lipopolysaccharide by phospholipid transfer protein.

Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LPB) are lipid transfer proteins found in human plasma. PLTP shares 24% sequence similarity with LBP. PLTP mediates the transfer and exchange of phospholipids between lipoprotein particles, whereas LBP transfers bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) either to lipoprotein particles or to CD14, a soluble and cell-surface receptor for LPS. We asked whether PLTP could interact with LPS and mediate the transfer of LPS to lipoproteins or to CD14. PLTP was able to bind and neutralize LPS: incubation of LPS with purified recombinant PLTP (rPLTP) resulted in the inhibition of the ability of LPS to stimulate adhesive responses of neutrophils, and addition of rPLTP to blood inhibited cytokine production in response to LPS. Transfer of LPS by rPLTP was examined using fluorescence dequenching experiments and native gel electrophoresis. The results suggested that rPLTP was able to mediate the exchange of LPS between micelles and the transfer of LPS to reconstituted HDL particles, but it did not transfer LPS to CD14. Consonant with these findings, rPLTP did not mediate CD14-dependent adhesive responses of neutrophils to LPS. These results suggest that while PLTP and LBP both bind and transfer LPS, PLTP is unable to transfer LPS to CD14 and thus does not mediate responses of cells to LPS.[1]


  1. Neutralization and transfer of lipopolysaccharide by phospholipid transfer protein. Hailman, E., Albers, J.J., Wolfbauer, G., Tu, A.Y., Wright, S.D. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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