The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Unusual amino acid determinants of host range in the Mtx2 family of mosquitocidal toxins.

Five different mosquitocidal toxin (mtx2) gene homologs have been cloned from eight Bacillus sphaericus strains. Pairwise comparisons of the predicted amino acid sequences show between four and eight substitutions compared with the prototype Mtx2 from B. sphaericus strain SSII-1. Mtx2 from strain SSII-1 was approximately 7-fold more toxic to Culex mosquito larvae than the Mtx2 homolog from B. sphaericus strain 31-2. Conversely, Mtx2 from strain 31-2 was approximately 100-fold more toxic to Aedes mosquito larvae than Mtx2 from strain SSII-1. Lys224 in Mtx2 was found to be the most important amino acid for toxicity to Culex larvae, and substitution of Lys224 with threonine abolished the toxicity of Mtx2 from strain SSII-1 to these larvae. In complete contrast, Thr224 was found to be crucial for the toxicity of Mtx2 from strain 31-2 to Aedes larvae, and substitution of Thr224 with lysine caused a approximately 100-fold drop in toxicity to these larvae. Thus, amino acid 224 in the Mtx2 family of mosquitocidal toxins is an unusual and important determinant of mosquito larvicidal activity and host range.[1]


  1. Unusual amino acid determinants of host range in the Mtx2 family of mosquitocidal toxins. Chan, S.W., Thanabalu, T., Wee, B.Y., Porter, A.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities