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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pathways for degradation of the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase differ in wild-type and kinase-negative S49 mouse lymphoma cells.

The catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase radiolabeled with [35S]methionine in wild-type S49 mouse lymphoma cells was degraded with half-lives of approximately 9.2 h in unstimulated cells and approximately 4.5 h in cells stimulated with a membrane-permeable cAMP analog. Turnover in kinase-negative mutant cells was about three times faster than in stimulated wild-type cells and appeared to involve a unique 47-kDa intermediate. Levels of catalytic subunit protein revealed by Western immunoblotting were consistent with the measured differences in turnover, but whereas the protein was mostly soluble in wild-type cell extracts, it was almost entirely insoluble in the mutant cell extracts. A substantial fraction of the catalytic subunit labeled in a 5-min pulse was soluble in kinase-negative cell extracts, but most of this material was rendered insoluble by incubating the cells for an additional 30 min before extraction. Degradation of the catalytic subunit in kinase-negative, but not in wild-type, cells was inhibited strongly by two specific peptide aldehyde inhibitors of the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like activity. An inhibitor of the proteasomal protease that prefers branched-chain amino acids had less of an effect on catalytic subunit degradation in the mutant cells.[1]


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