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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Truncated, desensitization-defective neurokinin receptors mediate sustained MAP kinase activation, cell growth and transformation by a Ras-independent mechanism.

We have used the neurokinin NK-2 receptor as a model to examine how receptor desensitization affects cellular responses. The liganded receptor transiently activates phospholipase C (PLC) and is rapidly phosphorylated on Ser/Thr residues in its C-terminal domain. Mutant receptors lacking this domain mediate persistent activation of PLC. We now show that, in transfected Rat-1 cells, mutant receptor mediates ligand-induced DNA synthesis, morphological transformation and growth in soft agar, whereas wild-type (wt) receptor does not. Wt receptor causes only transient MAP kinase activation. In contrast, MAP kinase activation by mutant receptor is sustained for >4 h. Neither wt nor mutant receptor couples to Ras activation. Downregulation of protein kinase C ( PKC) has little effect on MAP kinase activation, DNA synthesis and transformation. Mutant receptors also promote stronger protein tyrosine phosphorylation and stress fibre formation than does wt receptor. Thus, C-terminal truncation allows the NK-2 receptor to signal sustained MAP kinase activation, cell growth and transformation by a Ras- and PKC-independent mechanism. Our results reveal the importance of the C-terminal 'desensitization domain' in suppressing the oncogenic potential of a prototypic PLC-coupled receptor.[1]


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