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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PTP-NP, a new member of the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase family, implicated in development of nervous system and pancreatic endocrine cells.

The regulation of protein tyrosine phosphorylation is an important mechanism for developmental control. We describe here a new member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase ( PTP) family, called PTP-NP (for neural and pancreatic). The cDNA sequence indicates a receptor-type transmembrane molecule. At early organogenesis, in situ hybridization with a probe for the PTP-NP extracellular region detects expression confined to the region of the developing pancreas, an organ of medical importance, but poorly understood with regard to molecular mechanisms of developmental control. This localized expression appears early, even before morphological differentiation of the pancreas, and is found in presumptive precursors of the endocrine cells by the earliest times that they can be distinguished. In neural development, an alternate RNA with a different or missing extracellular region is expressed transiently at early stages of neurogenesis and the full-length PTP-NP RNA appears later. To search for a ligand of PTP-NP, a fusion protein probe was made with the extracellular domain fused to an alkaline phosphatase tag. This probe bound strongly to pancreatic islets, providing evidence for a ligand-receptor interaction that could be involved in endocrine cell regulation. The results show PTP-NP is an especially early marker for pancreatic development and suggest it may be a receptor that could control the development of pancreatic endocrine cells.[1]


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