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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Coupling of a finite element human head model with a lumped parameter Hybrid III dummy model: preliminary results.

A skull-brain finite element model of the human head has been coupled with a multilink rigid body model of the Hybrid III dummy. The experimental coupled model is intended to represent anatomically a 50th percentile human to the extent the dummy and the skull-brain model represent a human. It has been verified by simulating several human cadaver head impact tests as well as dummy head 'impacts" during barrier crashes in an automotive environment. Skull-isostress and brain-isostrain response curves were established based on model calibration of experimental human cadaver tolerance data. The skull-isostress response curve agrees with the JARI Human Head Impact Tolerance Curve for skull fracture. The brain-isostrain response curve predicts a higher G level for concussion than does the JARI concussion curve and the Wayne State Tolerance Curve at the longer time duration range. Barrier crash simulations consist of belted dummies impacting an airbag, a hard and soft steering wheel hub, and no head contact with vehicle interior components. Head impact force, intracranial pressures and strains, skull stress, and head center-of-gravity acceleration were investigated as injury parameters. Head injury criterion (HIC) was also calculated along with these parameters. Preliminary results of the model simulations in those impact conditions are discussed.[1]

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