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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fluoride distribution in human dental calculus obtained from different sites on the tooth surface.

We examined the site specificity of fluoride (F) distribution in human dental calculus. Teeth with supra- and subgingival calculus were obtained from patients who resided in non-fluoridated areas in Japan and China. Sequential layers of the dental calculus (30 microns thick) were abraded by an abrasive micro-sampling technique and fluoride and phosphorus in the powdered samples were analyzed. Fluoride concentrations were highest in the outer, lowest in the middle and intermediate in the inner layers of dental calculus in general. In the outermost layers fluoride concentrations were highest in calculus found near the tooth cervix both in supra- and subgingival calculus. Fluoride concentrations decreased markedly toward the apical region in subgingival calculus, while it did not change toward the incisal or occlusal region in supragingival calculus. In the inner layers, fluoride concentrations in both supra- and subgingival calculus were not affected by position on the teeth. Fluoride concentrations in subgingival calculus near the apex were lower than in supragingival calculus near the incisal or occlusal region. It was concluded that the fluoride concentrations differ in different regions of dental calculus, probably due to their different mechanisms of formation.[1]


  1. Fluoride distribution in human dental calculus obtained from different sites on the tooth surface. Huang, S., Nakagaki, H., Okumura, H., Morita, I., Strong, M., Robinson, C., Pearce, E. J. Periodont. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
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