The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and characterization of FrzZ, a novel response regulator necessary for swarming and fruiting-body formation in Myxococcus xanthus.

The frz genes of Myxococcus xanthus constitute a signal-transduction pathway that processes chemotactic information in a manner analogous to that found in enteric bacteria. Ultimately, these genes regulate the frequency of individual cell reversal. We report here the identification of a novel component of this signal-transduction pathway, designated frzZ, which was discovered as an open reading frame located 5' to the frz operon but transcribed in the opposite orientation. The translational start site of frzZ is 170 base pairs from that of frzA.frzZ utilizes a promoter similar to the sigma 70 promoters of Escherichia coli, and encodes a 290-amino-acid soluble protein, FrzZ (M(r) 30,500). FrzZ contains two domains, both of which show strong homology to CheY and other members of the response-regulator family. Linking these domains is a 39-amino-acid region that is very rich in alanine and proline (38% Ala and 33% Pro). A frzZ null mutant showed abnormally low reversal rates when compared to the wild-type control and was unable to form fruiting bodies on starvation medium, but it did form 'frizzy' aggregates. In addition, the frzZ mutant was defective in swarming, particularly on soft agar (0.3% w/v). However, unlike most frz mutants, the frzZ mutant was able to respond to attractants and repellents in the spatial chemotaxis assay. The discovery of FrzZ demonstrates that the M. xanthus frz signal-transduction pathway utilizes multiple response-regulator (CheY-like) proteins.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities