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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tyrosine phosphorylation of the juxtamembrane domain of the v-Fms oncogene product is required for its association with a 55-kDa protein.

Tyrosine autophosphorylation of the v-Fms oncogene product results in the formation of high affinity binding sites for cellular proteins with Src homology 2 (SH2) domains that are involved in various signal cascades. Tryptic digestion of the autophosphorylated v-Fms and of its cellular counterpart, the feline c-Fms polypeptide, gave rise to at least six common major phosphopeptides, four of which have been characterized previously. Employing site-directed mutagenesis and phosphopeptide mapping of in vitro phosphorylated glutathione S-transferase v-Fms fusion proteins as well as full-length v-Fms molecules expressed in various cells, we show here that Tyr543 of the juxtamembrane domain and Tyr696 of the kinase insert domain constitute major autophosphorylation sites. Recombinant fusion proteins containing the tyrosine-phosphorylated kinase insert domain bind the growth factor receptor bound protein 2 and the p85 and p110 subunits of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase. In contrast, fusion proteins containing the juxtamembrane domain phosphorylated on Tyr543 fail to bind any of the known SH2 domain-containing cellular proteins but associate specifically with an as yet undefined 55-kDa cellular protein that by itself is phosphorylated on tyrosine.[1]


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