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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth factor transcripts in rat renal transplants.

Locally produced cytokines and growth factors may mediate tissue remodelling processes, as observed in renal transplants exposed to ischemia or acute rejection episodes. The present study was designed to investigate mRNA transcript levels of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-receptor beta, PDGF-A, PDGF-B, fibroblast growth factor-1, and transforming growth factor beta 1 in normal rat kidneys, in kidneys following contralateral nephrectomy and in renal transplants with acute or chronic rejection. Platelet-derived growth factor-receptor beta mRNA levels increased significantly in syngeneic and allogeneic transplants in the first week after transplantation and in allogeneic transplants with chronic rejection. Immunohistochemistry showed induction of PDGF-receptor beta protein expression on vascular wall cells in such grafts. Platelet-derived growth factor-A chain mRNA levels increased in day 3 allografts and in syngeneic LEW grafts, while PDGF-B chain mRNA levels showed no significant changes with transplantation. Fibroblast growth factor-1 mRNA levels were detectable in normal kidneys, tended to decrease with acute rejection, and increased significantly in chronic rejection. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 transcripts increased in acute and chronic rejection; immunohistochemistry showed predominantly glomerular localization of the transforming growth factor-beta 1 protein. We conclude that transplantation and rejection are associated with changes in the intragraft mRNA levels for several growth factors; chronic rejection is characterized by an increase in fibroblast growth factor-1 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 transcript levels.[1]


  1. Growth factor transcripts in rat renal transplants. Paul, L.C., Saito, K., Davidoff, A., Benediktsson, H. Am. J. Kidney Dis. (1996) [Pubmed]
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