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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenylarsine oxide (PAO)-mediated activation of phospholipase D in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells: possible involvement of calcium and protein kinase C.

Addition of phenylarsine oxide (PAO) to [3H]oleic acid-labeled rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells gave rise to the remarkable formation of [3H]phosphatidylbutanol (PBut), a specific product of phospholipase D (PLD) activation. Preincubation of cells with 2,3-dimercaptopropanol (DMP) or dithiothreitol (DTT), compounds containing sulfhydryls, prevented PAO-stimulated [3H]PBut formation, indicating that PAO-stimulated PLD through interacting with vicinal thiol groups. Treatment of cells with PAO resulted in increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration without significant production of inositol phosphates. Removal of extracellular free Ca2+ by chelating with EGTA was found to inhibit [3H]PBut formation by PAO. Incubation of cells with 20 nM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 6 h caused down-regulation of protein kinase C (PKC) alpha and beta isozymes, whereas it had no effect on PKC delta, epsilon and zeta isozymes. Under this condition, decrease in PAO-stimulated [3H]PBut formation was observed to occur with a concomitant decrease in the level of PKC alpha and beta isozymes. These results suggest that a covalent bridge between vicinal thiol groups of cell surface proteins induced by PAO potentiates PLD activation and that PAO- induced PLD activation is regulated by Ca2+ and PKC alpha and/or beta isozymes.[1]


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