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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrostatic properties deduced from refined structures of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase and the other flavin-dependent reductases: pyridine nucleotide-binding and interaction with an electron-transfer partner.

Electrostatic properties on the protein surface were examined on the basis of the crystal structure of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase refined to a crystallographic R factor of 0.223 at 2.1 A resolution and of the other three flavin-dependent reductases. A structural comparison of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase with the other flavin-dependent reductases, ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase, phthalate dioxygenase reductase, and nitrate reductase, showed that the alpha/beta structure is the common motif for binding pyridine nucleotide. Although the amino acid residues associated with pyridine nucleotide-binding are not conserved, the electrostatic properties and the location of the pyridine nucleotide-binding pockets of NADH-requiring reductases were similar to each other. The electrostatic potential of the surface near the flavin-protruding side (dimethylbenzene end of the flavin ring) of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase was positive over a wide area while that of the surface near the heme- binding site of cytochrome b5 was negative. This implied that the flavin-protruding side of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase is suitable for interacting with its electron-transfer partner, cytochrome b5. This positive potential area is conserved among four flavin-dependent reductases. A comparison of the electron-transfer partners of four flavin-dependent reductases showed that there are significant differences in the distribution of electrostatic potential between inter-molecular and inter-domain electron-transfer reactions.[1]


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