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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Penicillamine-induced bullous dermatoses.

The successful therapeutic use of D-penicillamine (DPA) has been hindered by its many adverse effects. Autoimmune bullous syndromes are among the less common adverse DPA reactions; they are not dose dependent and appear late in the treatment of diseases of altered immunity, most often rheumatoid arthritis. The majority of the DPA-induced bullous syndromes belong to the pemphigus spectrum, usually pemphigus foliaceus or erythematosus, have a lower prevalence of demonstrable tissue-fixed or circulating antibodies than spontaneously occurring pemphigus, display abnormal direct immunofluorescent patterns, and have a generally favorable prognosis. However, many cases do exhibit a full-blown chronic disease, unaffected by DPA withdrawal. DPA-induced cicatricial pemphigoid is a severe disease of both mucous and cutaneous involvement with a prognosis similar to the spontaneous disease. Cases of DPA-induced epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and DPA-induced bullous pemphigoid were not sufficiently substantiated by immunofluorescence or immunoprecipitation criteria.[1]


  1. Penicillamine-induced bullous dermatoses. Bialy-Golan, A., Brenner, S. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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