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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The rpoD1 gene product is a principal sigma factor of RNA polymerase in Microcystis aeruginosa K-81.

We performed molecular characterization of the RpoD1 protein encoded by the rpoD1 gene isolated from a cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa K-81. The deduced amino acid sequence (416 aa, 48,871 Da) of RpoD1 exhibited extensive similarity to those of proteins of the eubacterial RpoD family (Escherichia coli sigma 70 homologs). We overproduced and purified RpoD1 (54 kDa) from E. coli. Biological and biochemical analyses suggested that RpoD1 has a function homologous to that of E. coli sigma 70 as follows: (i) the RpoD1 protein complemented an rpoD mutant of E. coli strain YN543 (rpoD285) and (ii) the heterologous RNA polymerase holoenzyme reconstituted from the E. coli core enzyme and recombinant RpoD1 was specifically transcribed from E. coli promoters. Furthermore, Western blot analysis with antiserum against Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 RpoD1 (a principal sigma factor of the sigma 70 type) indicated that M. aeruginosa K-81 RpoD1 (sigma A1) is the principal sigma factor, which is a major component of the sigma subunit on exponential cell growth.[1]


  1. The rpoD1 gene product is a principal sigma factor of RNA polymerase in Microcystis aeruginosa K-81. Asayama, M., Suzuki, H., Sato, A., Aida, T., Tanaka, K., Takahashi, H., Shirai, M. J. Biochem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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