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Flow cytometric analysis of cytosolic pH of mesophyll cell protoplasts from the crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis.

Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, EC 4.1.1.31) is a key enzyme of photosynthesis in C4 plants; it is specifically localized in the cytosol of mesophyll cells and is regulated by a phosphorylation/dephosphorylation process. The light-dependent phosphorylation of PEPC is triggered by an increase in the cytosolic pH (pHc) of mesophyll cell protoplasts. An epifluorescence and confocal microscopy analysis showed that the specific pH probe 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6) carboxyfluorescein, acetoxymethyl ester (BCECF-AM), when used at low concentration, was essentially localized in the protoplast cytosol. By the nigericin null-point method and flow cytometry, the pHc of freshly isolated protoplasts was estimated to be 6. 4. To observe the full activity of PEPC kinase and maximal phosphorylation of PEPC in vivo, such protoplast suspensions must first be treated with a permeant weak base. The present report shows that 20 mM NH4Cl raised the final pHc to 7. 4. This method can be useful for estimating rapid changes of pHc in plant cells.[1]

References

  1. Flow cytometric analysis of cytosolic pH of mesophyll cell protoplasts from the crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis. Giglioli-Guivarc'h, N., Pierre, J.N., Vidal, J., Brown, S. Cytometry. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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