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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of endothelin receptors in the human umbilical artery and vein.

The aim of the present study was to characterize pharmacologically endothelin receptors that are present in human umbilical vessels. 2. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothelin-2 (ET-2) are potent stimulants of both the human umbilical artery (pEC50 7.9 and 7.5) and vein (pEC50 8.1 and 8.0). Endothelin-3 (ET-3) is inactive on the artery but contracts the vein (pEC50 7.6). IRL1620 is inactive in both vessels. The order of potency of agonists is suggestive of a typical ET(A) receptor in the artery (ET-1 = ET-2 > > ET-3) and a mixture of ET(A) and ET(B) receptors in the vein (ET-1 = ET-2 > or = ET-3). 3. The selective ET(A) receptor antagonist, BQ123, competitively inhibits the effect of ET-1 in the human umbilical artery (pA2 6.9), while in the vein, only a mixture of BQ123 and BQ788 (a selective ET(B) antagonist) weakly displaces to the right of the cumulative concentration-response curve to ET-1. Contractions induced by ET-3 in the vein are inhibited by BQ788 (pA2 7.6), but not by BQ123. 4. Inhibition of Ca2+ channels by nifedipine (0.1 microM) is accompanied by a significant decrease of the maximal response to ET-1 by 40% in the artery and by 30% in the vein. The response of the vein to ET-3 is almost abolished by nifedipine. 5. The results indicate that: (i) endothelins contract the human isolated umbilical artery via stimulation of an ET(A) receptor type; (ii) the contraction induced by ET-1 in the vein is mediated by both ET(A) and ET(B) receptors, while ET-3 stimulates the ET(B) receptor; (iii) the contribution of Ca2+ channels to the contraction mediated by the ET(B) receptor appears to be more important than to that mediated by the ET(A) receptor.[1]


  1. Characterization of endothelin receptors in the human umbilical artery and vein. Bogoni, G., Rizzi, A., Calo, G., Campobasso, C., D'Orleans-Juste, P., Regoli, D. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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