The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Conversion of inactive glycosylation inhibiting factor to bioactive derivatives by modification of a SH group.

Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human glycosylation inhibiting factor (rhGIF) contains three cysteine residues (Cys-57, -60, and -81). All SH groups in the cysteine residues are free, and the GIF molecule had no biologic activity. Carboxymethylation of the SH group of Cys-60 in the molecule resulted in the generation of bioactivity, although the activity of the carboxymethylated GIF was 10- to 20-fold less than that of suppressor T cell (Ts)-derived GIF. However, treatment of the inactive rhGIF with ethylmercurithiosalicylate or 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) resulted in the generation of derivatives whose bioactivity was comparable to that of the Ts-derived bioactive GIF. The activity of these derivatives was lost by treatment with DTT. Isolation and chemical analysis of the DTNB-treated GIF derivative revealed that binding the 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid group with Cys-60 was responsible for the generation of the highly bioactive derivative. Inactive cytosolic GIF from mammalian cells could also be converted to bioactive derivative by treatment with the SH reagent, while Ts-derived bioactive GIF was inactivated by DTT. These results, together with an x-ray crystal structure of GIF molecules, strongly suggest that the generation of bioactivity of GIF in Ts cells is due to posttranslational modifications that result in conformational changes in the molecule.[1]


  1. Conversion of inactive glycosylation inhibiting factor to bioactive derivatives by modification of a SH group. Nakano, T., Watarai, H., Liu, Y.C., Oyama, Y., Mikayama, T., Ishizaka, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities