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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Imaging of dopamine transporters with iodine-123-beta-CIT and SPECT in Parkinson's disease.

The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the degeneration of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway in Parkinson's disease by using the cocaine derivative [123I]beta-CIT (2-beta-carbomethoxy-3-beta(4-iodophenyl)-tropane or RTI-55) and SPECT and to relate the findings to the severity of the disease (Hoehn and Yahr scale, H/Y) and to clinical data such as motor score and activities of daily living. METHODS: Thirteen volunteers and 47 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) of H/Y Stage I-V (I:n = 16, II:n = 6, III:n = 14, IV:n = 9, V:n = 2) were investigated. Acquisitions were performed 2, 4, 16, 20 and 24 hr postinjection. ROIs were drawn over the striatum and the cerebellum. Specific beta-CIT binding was defined as striatal minus cerebellar binding. The ratio of specific over nondisplaceable binding (striatum/cerebellum-1) was determined as well as the percent deviation of this ratio from age-expected control values. RESULTS: The time-activity curve of striatal [123I]beta-CIT binding demonstrated a maximum around 20 hr postinjection in controls and a peak 4 hr postinjection in PD patients. Ratios differed significantly between the two groups. A significant correlation existed between this ratio and clinical measures. Hemiparkinsonian patients revealed significantly diminished [123I]beta-CIT binding not only contralateral to the clinically affected but also contralateral to the clinically unaffected side. [123I]beta-CIT binding showed a significant decrease in comparison to age-expected values ranging from 36% in H/Y stage 1 to 71% in H/Y stage V. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that it is possible to visualize and quantify the degeneration of dopaminergic nigrostriatal neurons in PD using [123I]beta-CIT and SPECT with good correlation to clinical parameters.[1]


  1. Imaging of dopamine transporters with iodine-123-beta-CIT and SPECT in Parkinson's disease. Asenbaum, S., Brücke, T., Pirker, W., Podreka, I., Angelberger, P., Wenger, S., Wöber, C., Müller, C., Deecke, L. J. Nucl. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
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