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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Role of endothelin receptor subtypes in the systemic and renal responses to endothelin-1 in humans.

The authors recently reported that infusion of endothelin-1 in humans to obtain pathophysiological plasma levels causes profound renal vasoconstriction and sodium retention. The relative roles of the ETA- and ETB-receptor subtypes in these effects in humans is unknown. Such information is essential in view of the recent introduction of endothelin-receptor blockers in clinical medicine. The study presented here was designed to define the role of the ETA- and ETB-receptor subtypes in the renal actions of endothelin-1 in humans. Systemic infusion of endothelin-1, a nonselective receptor agonist, was compared with infusion of equimolar dosages of the ETB-selective agonist endothelin-3 in healthy volunteers. Endothelin-1 infusion was associated with an approximate 2.5-fold increase in plasma levels of endothelin-1. This was accompanied by an increase in blood pressure by approximately 6 mm Hg (P < 0.05). During endothelin-1 infusion, RPF decreased from 642 +/- 42 to 480 +/- 36 mL/min (P < 0.05) and GFR from 121 +/- 4 to 109 +/- 7 mL/min (P < 0.05). Sodium excretion rate decreased during endothelin-1 infusion, from a baseline value of 182 +/- 33 to 84 +/- 28 mumol/min at the end of the endothelin-1 infusion. Endothelin-3 infusion also resulted in a approximate 2.5-fold increase of plasma levels of endothelin-3. However, in contrast to the endothelin-1 infusion, endothelin-3 had no effect on blood pressure, renal hemodynamics, and electrolyte excretion. These results suggest that the systemic and renal vasoconstrictor effects of endothelin-1 in humans are predominantly mediated by the ETA receptors.[1]

References

  1. Role of endothelin receptor subtypes in the systemic and renal responses to endothelin-1 in humans. Kaasjager, K.A., Shaw, S., Koomans, H.A., Rabelink, T.J. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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