The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Mutation of amino acids 39-44 of human CD14 abrogates binding of lipopolysaccharide and Escherichia coli.

As a key receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the surface of monocytes and macrophages, the CD14 molecule is primarily involved in non-specific host defense mechanisms against gram-negative bacteria. To delineate the structural basis of LPS binding, 23 mutants in the N-terminal 152 amino acids of human CD14 were generated and stably transfected into CHO cells. In each mutant, a block of five amino acids was substituted by alanine. Reactivity of the mutants with anti-CD14 mAbs, and their ability to interact with LPS and Escherichia coli were tested. 4 of 21 expressed CD14 mutants, ([Ala9-Ala13]CD14, [Ala39-Ala41, Ala43, Ala44]CD14, [Ala51-Ala55]CD14 and [Ala57, Ala59, Ala61-Ala63]CD14), are not recognized by anti-CD14 mAbs that interfere with the binding of LPS to human monocytes. However, only [Ala39-Ala41, Ala43, Ala44]CD14 is unable to react with fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labeled LPS or with FITC-labeled E. coli (055:B5). In addition, [Ala39-Ala4l, Ala43, Ala44]CD14 does not mediate LPS (E. coli 055:B5; 10 ng/ml)-induced translocation of nuclear factor kappaB in CHO-cell transfectants. The results indicate that the region between amino acids 39 and 44 forms an essential part of the LPS-binding site of human CD14.[1]

References

  1. Mutation of amino acids 39-44 of human CD14 abrogates binding of lipopolysaccharide and Escherichia coli. Stelter, F., Bernheiden, M., Menzel, R., Jack, R.S., Witt, S., Fan, X., Pfister, M., Schütt, C. Eur. J. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities