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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutation of amino acids 39-44 of human CD14 abrogates binding of lipopolysaccharide and Escherichia coli.

As a key receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the surface of monocytes and macrophages, the CD14 molecule is primarily involved in non-specific host defense mechanisms against gram-negative bacteria. To delineate the structural basis of LPS binding, 23 mutants in the N-terminal 152 amino acids of human CD14 were generated and stably transfected into CHO cells. In each mutant, a block of five amino acids was substituted by alanine. Reactivity of the mutants with anti-CD14 mAbs, and their ability to interact with LPS and Escherichia coli were tested. 4 of 21 expressed CD14 mutants, ([Ala9-Ala13]CD14, [Ala39-Ala41, Ala43, Ala44]CD14, [Ala51-Ala55]CD14 and [Ala57, Ala59, Ala61-Ala63]CD14), are not recognized by anti-CD14 mAbs that interfere with the binding of LPS to human monocytes. However, only [Ala39-Ala41, Ala43, Ala44]CD14 is unable to react with fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labeled LPS or with FITC-labeled E. coli (055:B5). In addition, [Ala39-Ala4l, Ala43, Ala44]CD14 does not mediate LPS (E. coli 055:B5; 10 ng/ml)-induced translocation of nuclear factor kappaB in CHO-cell transfectants. The results indicate that the region between amino acids 39 and 44 forms an essential part of the LPS-binding site of human CD14.[1]


  1. Mutation of amino acids 39-44 of human CD14 abrogates binding of lipopolysaccharide and Escherichia coli. Stelter, F., Bernheiden, M., Menzel, R., Jack, R.S., Witt, S., Fan, X., Pfister, M., Schütt, C. Eur. J. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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