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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of lovastatin and fluoromevalonate on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity stimulated with PDGF.

1. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ( PI3K) appears to have a crucial role in cellular proliferation induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). However, the mode of activation of the enzyme has been unclear so far. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a cholesterol lowering drug on [3H]-thymidine ([3H]-TdR) incorporation and PI3K activity in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) stimulated with PDGF. 2. PDGF stimulated both [3H]-TdR incorporation and PI3K activity immunoprecipitated with antiphosphotyrosine antibody in a dose dependent manner (ED50 was 4 ng/mL for [3H]-TdR uptake and 3 ng/mL for PI3K activity). Lovastatin inhibited serum-stimulated [3H]-TdR incorporation dose dependently. PI3K activity induced by PDGF was also inhibited in a dose dependent manner; however, its activity was 61% at 10(-6) mol/L, 72% at 10(-5) mol/L and 8% at 10(-4) mol/L of the control value. 3. These inhibitory effects of lovastatin were completely abolished by adding 1 mmol/L mevalonic acid (MVA), suggesting that MVA metabolites had some important role on the PI3K activation and cellular proliferation. 4. Fluoromevalonate (Fmev), a competitive inhibitor of mevalonate diphosphate (MVA-PP) decarboxylase, inhibited [3H]-TdR incorporation at concentrations more than 10(-6) mol/L. Moreover, marked inhibitory effect was observed at concentrations of 10(-7) and 10(-8) mol/L (76% of control). PI3K activity was also reduced by 10(-3) mol/L Fmev (0.2% of control). However, in contrast to [3H]-TdR uptake, there was no inhibitory effect detected at concentrations up to 10(-4) mol/L. 5. These results suggest that PDGF- stimulated PI3K activity as well as cellular proliferation was modified by protein isoprenylation.[1]


  1. Effect of lovastatin and fluoromevalonate on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity stimulated with PDGF. Iwama, A., Sawamura, M., Nara, Y., Yamori, Y. Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology. Supplement. (1995) [Pubmed]
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