The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two distinct P2 purinergic receptors, P2Y and P2U, are coupled to phospholipase C in mouse pineal gland tumor cells.

We found that extracellular ATP can increase the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in mouse pineal gland tumor (PGT-beta) cells. Studies of the [Ca2+]i rise using nucleotides and ATP analogues established the following potency order: ATP, adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) > or = UTP > 2-chloro-ATP > 3'-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoyl ATP, GTP > or = 2-methylthio ATP, adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADP beta S) > CTP. AMP, adenosine, alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate, beta,gamma-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate, and UMP had little or no effect on the [Ca2+]i rise. Raising the extracellular Mg2+ concentration to 10 mM decreases the ATP- and UTP-induced [Ca2+]i rise, because the responses depend on the ATP4- and UTP4- concentrations, respectively. The P2U purinoceptor-selective agonist UTP and the P2Y purinoceptor-selective agonist ADP beta S induce inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation in a concentration-dependent manner with maximal effective concentrations of approximately 100 microM. In sequential stimulation, UTP and ADP beta S do not interfere with each other in raising the [Ca2+]i. Costimulation with UTP and ADP beta S results in additive inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation to a similar extent as is achieved with ATP alone. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin inhibits the action of UTP and ATP by maximally 45-55%, whereas it has no effect on the ADP beta S response. Treatment with 1 microM phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate inhibits the ADP beta S-induced [Ca2+]i rise more effectively than the ATP- and UTP-induced responses. These results suggest that P2U and P2Y purinoceptors coexist on PGT-beta cells and that both receptors are linked to phospholipase C.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities