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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of a microsomal bile acid beta-glucosidase from human liver.

A human liver microsomal beta-glucosidase has been purified to apparent homogeneity in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis where a single protein band of Mr 100,000 was obtained under reducing conditions. The enzyme was enriched about 73, 000-fold over starting microsomal membranes by polyethylene glycol fractionation, anion exchange chromatographies on DEAE-Trisacryl, and Mono Q followed by affinity chromatography on N-(9-carboxynonyl)-1-deoxynojirimycin-AH-Sepharose 4B. The purified enzyme had a pH optimum between 5.0 and 6.4, was activated by divalent metal ions, and required phospholipids for exhibition of activity. The enzyme catalyzed the hydrolysis of 3beta-D-glucosido-lithocholic and 3beta-D-glucosido-chenodeoxycholic acids with high affinity (Km, 1.7 and 6.2 microM, respectively) and of the beta-D-glucoside (Km, 210 microM) and the beta-D-galactoside of 4-methylumbelliferone. The ratio of relative reaction rates for these substrates was about 6:3:11:1. No activity was detectable toward 6beta-D-glucosido-hyodeoxycholic acid, glucocerebroside, and the following glycosides of 4-methylumbelliferone: alpha-D-glucoside, alpha-L-arabinoside, beta-D-fucoside or beta-D-xyloside. Immunoinhibition and immunoprecipitation studies using antibodies prepared against lysosomal glucocerebrosidase showed no cross-reactivity with microsomal beta-glucosidase suggesting that these two enzymes are antigenically unrelated.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of a microsomal bile acid beta-glucosidase from human liver. Matern, H., Heinemann, H., Legler, G., Matern, S. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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