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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of potential migrants present in Nylon 'microwave and roasting bags' and migration into olive oil.

Two groups of potential migrants were found in Nylon "microwave and roasting bags' (MRBs): volatile compounds were released at cooking temperatures and non-volatile compounds were extracted with methanol and/or water. A dynamic headspace system at 200 degrees C followed by gas chromatography (GC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) was used for determination of volatile compounds. Cyclopentanone (31.7 mg/bag), 2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanone (17.4 mg/bag), hexadecane (2.6 micrograms/bag), heptadecane (3.2 micrograms/bag), octadecane (3.0 micrograms/bag) and epsilon-caprolactam (5.0-35.5 mg/ bag) were the main volatile compounds present in the MRBs. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and mass spectrometry were combined for identification and quantification of non-volatile compounds extracted with methanol (46.0 mg/bag). Nylon 6,6 cyclic monomer and cyclic oligomers up to the tetramer and Nylon 6 monomer and cyclic oligomers up to the octamer were identified and quantified, confirming that the plastic was made of Nylon 6,6 and Nylon 6 polymers. The same non-volatile compounds (except Nylon 6 heptamer and octamer) were found to migrate into olive oil at 175 degrees C for 1 h. A total of 0.916 mg/dm2 (19.2 mg/bag) of non-volatile compounds migrated into olive oil (41.8% of those quantified in the plastic material).[1]


  1. Determination of potential migrants present in Nylon 'microwave and roasting bags' and migration into olive oil. Soto-Valdez, H., Gramshaw, J.W., Vandenburg, H.J. Food additives and contaminants. (1997) [Pubmed]
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