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MeSH Review

Transients and Migrants

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Disease relevance of Transients and Migrants


Psychiatry related information on Transients and Migrants

  • The particular behavior pattern of these migrants also bears the stamp of their rational household decision-making processes as well as their feelings of moral obligation toward their kin in their community of origin."[6]

High impact information on Transients and Migrants

  • We suggest that the freshly isolated CD4-positive blood dendritic cells are recent migrants from the bone marrow, and that subsequent maturation of the lineage occurs in tissues in situ upon appropriate exposure to cytokines [7].
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus in migrants from west Africa compared with Afro-Caribbean people in the UK [8].
  • As a result of the forces of the Industrial Revolution underway in 19th century Great Britain, migrants moved from farms to villages, from villages to towns, from towns to county seats, and thence to large cities [9].
  • When the mutation rate is small relative to the migration rate and the reciprocal of the group size, GST depends mainly on the absolute number of migrants per generation, moves rapidly to near equilibrium, and is independent of the number of alleles [10].
  • The majority of the MMGL-positive cell migrants were negative for FITC fluorescence despite the presence of FITC-labeled cells that included Langerhans cell migrants [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of Transients and Migrants

  • Type 2 diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and hypertension in offspring of migrants and the structure of the population of origin [12].
  • A case of cutaneous leishmaniasis, which was successfully treated with metronidazole, is reported from Western Australia. Transmission is unlikely to occur in this country, but it is important to be aware that it may present in migrants or in travellers from endemic areas up to four years after inoculation of the parasite [13].
  • Changed energy balance related to diet and work patterns may be related to the increased incidence of diabetes in migrants, in a population predisposed by high serum uric acid concentrations, obesity and high fertility [14].

Biological context of Transients and Migrants

  • In addition, the individuals comprising Semai fission groups are kinsmen which implies that the number of independent genomes represented is markedly less than the number of individual migrants (the lineal effect) [15].
  • HAN and LAN migrant groups to a nonnative environment were classified as: multigeneration migrants, born and raised in a nonnative environment; child migrants who migrated to the nonnative environment during the period of growth and development (0-18 years old); and adult migrants who migrated after 18 years of age [16].

Anatomical context of Transients and Migrants


Associations of Transients and Migrants with chemical compounds

  • Glucose tolerance in a Saharan nomad population--the Broayas, from the Toubou ethnic group [19].
  • Migrants identified in this way were analyzed with rhodamine-anti-Thy-1 or rhodamine peanut agglutinin (PNA) [20].
  • The migrants were identified in the peripheral lymphoid organs by their fluorescence, 3 to 4 hr after intrathymic injection of a solution of fluorescein isothiocyanate, a technique that initially only labels thymocytes [20].
  • Further data on the prognosis of tuberculosis and the effects of isoniazid preventive therapy in Southeast Asian migrants to Western countries are required to inform policy and practice for the prevention of tuberculosis in this population [21].
  • Vitamin E status of agricultural migrant workers in Southern Brazil [22].

Gene context of Transients and Migrants

  • IGFBP-1 was significantly lower in UK migrants (mean 29.5 [95% CI 25.9-33.0] vs 56.5 [50.6-62.5] microg/l; F=48.4, p<0.001) [23].
  • RESULTS: Total energy and total fat intake were higher in UK migrants, as were IGFBP-3 and IGF-I (mean (95% confidence interval): 145.9 (138.1-153.6) vs. 100.9 (94.6-107.3) ng ml(-1); F=76.6, P<0.001) [24].
  • Prostate size was measured by planimetric ultrasound in 163 men residing in Sydney who were either Australian non-Chinese (AR; n = 116) or Chinese migrants (ACM; n = 47) and had lived in Australia for a median of 7.3 yr (range, 0.2-25 yr) [25].
  • Transferase-deficient galactosaemia, resulting from deficient activity of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), is relatively common among the Travellers, an endogamous group of commercial/industrial nomads within the Irish population [26].
  • The majority of G6PD-deficient subjects were descendants of Omani, Baluchi or Yemeni migrants [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Transients and Migrants


  1. Cryptochromes and neuronal-activity markers colocalize in the retina of migratory birds during magnetic orientation. Mouritsen, H., Janssen-Bienhold, U., Liedvogel, M., Feenders, G., Stalleicken, J., Dirks, P., Weiler, R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. An outbreak of contact dermatitis in farm workers. Schuman, S.H., Dobson, R.L. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. Malignant melanoma risk by nativity, place of residence at diagnosis, and age at migration. Mack, T.M., Floderus, B. Cancer Causes Control (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. The low-affinity glucocorticoid receptor regulates feeding and lipid breakdown in the migratory Gambel's white-crowned sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii. Landys, M.M., Ramenofsky, M., Guglielmo, C.G., Wingfield, J.C. J. Exp. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Diabetes in Wallis Polynesians: a comparison of residents of Wallis Island and first generation migrants to Noumea, New Caledonia. Taylor, R., Bennett, P., Uili, R., Joffres, M., Germain, R., Levy, S., Zimmet, P. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. Circulatory mobility in post-Mao China: temporary migrants in Kaiping county, Pearl River Delta region. Woon, Y. The International migration review. (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Dendritic cells freshly isolated from human blood express CD4 and mature into typical immunostimulatory dendritic cells after culture in monocyte-conditioned medium. O'Doherty, U., Steinman, R.M., Peng, M., Cameron, P.U., Gezelter, S., Kopeloff, I., Swiggard, W.J., Pope, M., Bhardwaj, N. J. Exp. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Systemic lupus erythematosus in migrants from west Africa compared with Afro-Caribbean people in the UK. Molokhia, M., McKeigue, P.M., Cuadrado, M., Hughes, G. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Migration up and down the urban hierarchy and across the life course. Plane, D.A., Henrie, C.J., Perry, M.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Group selection for a polygenic behavioral trait: estimating the degree of population subdivision. Crow, J.F., Aoki, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1984) [Pubmed]
  11. Contribution of dermal macrophage trafficking in the sensitization phase of contact hypersensitivity. Sato, K., Imai, Y., Irimura, T. J. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Type 2 diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and hypertension in offspring of migrants and the structure of the population of origin. Leonetti, D.L., Fujimoto, W.Y. Hum. Biol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Western Australia. Jones, H.I. Med. J. Aust. (1979) [Pubmed]
  14. The Tokelau island migrant study: prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus. Stanhope, J.M., Prior, I.A. N. Z. Med. J. (1980) [Pubmed]
  15. Fission-fusion and lineal effect: aspects of the population structure of the Semai Senoi of Malaysia. Fix, A.G. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  16. Effect of developmental and ancestral high-altitude exposure on VO(2)peak of Andean and European/North American natives. Brutsaert, T.D., Spielvogel, H., Soria, R., Caceres, E., Buzenet, G., Haas, J.D. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Persistent immunogenicity of rat thymic epithelium. Georgiou, H.M., Bellgrau, D. Transplantation (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. Cellular competition modulates survival and selection of CD8+ T cells. Freitas, A.A., Agenes, F., Coutinho, G.C. Eur. J. Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  19. Glucose tolerance in a Saharan nomad population--the Broayas, from the Toubou ethnic group. De Hertogh, R., Vanderheyden, I.V., de Gasparo, M. Diabetes (1975) [Pubmed]
  20. Thymus cell migration: cells migrating from thymus to peripheral lymphoid organs have a "mature" phenotype. Scollay, R. J. Immunol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  21. Incidence of tuberculosis among a cohort of tuberculin-positive refugees in Australia: reappraising the estimates of risk. Marks, G.B., Bai, J., Simpson, S.E., Sullivan, E.A., Stewart, G.J. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. Vitamin E status of agricultural migrant workers in Southern Brazil. Desai, I.D., Swann, M.A., Garcia Tavares, M.L., Dutra de Oliveira, B.S., Duarte, F.A., Dutra de Oliveira, J.E. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  23. Marked differences in the IGF system that are associated with migration in comparable populations of Gujaratis living in Sandwell, UK, and Gujarat, India. Heald, A.H., Anderson, S.G., Vyas, A., Siddals, K., Patel, J., Yates, A.P., Bhatnagar, D., Prabhakaran, D., Hughes, E., Rudenski, A., Durrington, P., Gibson, J.M., Cruickshank, J.K. Diabetologia (2005) [Pubmed]
  24. Dietary intake and the insulin-like growth factor system: effects of migration in two related populations in India and Britain with markedly different dietary intake. Heald, A.H., Sharma, R., Anderson, S.G., Vyas, A., Siddals, K., Patel, J., Bhatnagar, D., Prabharkaran, D., Rudenski, A., Hughes, E., Durrington, P., Gibson, J.M., Cruickshank, J.K. Public health nutrition. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Ethnicity and migration as determinants of human prostate size. Jin, B., Turner, L., Zhou, Z., Zhou, E.L., Handelsman, D.J. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1999) [Pubmed]
  26. Genetic basis of transferase-deficient galactosaemia in Ireland and the population history of the Irish Travellers. Murphy, M., McHugh, B., Tighe, O., Mayne, P., O'Neill, C., Naughten, E., Croke, D.T. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
  27. Molecular characterization of erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Al-Ain District, United Arab Emirates. Bayoumi, R.A., Nur-E-Kamal, M.S., Tadayyon, M., Mohamed, K.K., Mahboob, B.H., Qureshi, M.M., Lakhani, M.S., Awaad, M.O., Kaeda, J., Vulliamy, T.J., Luzzatto, L. Hum. Hered. (1996) [Pubmed]
  28. Paraoxonase activity in Greek migrants and Anglo-Celtic persons in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study: relationship to dietary markers. Lee, C.T., Rowley, K., Jenkins, A.J., O'Dea, K., Itsiopoulos, C., Stoney, R.M., Su, Q., Giles, G.G., Best, J.D. European journal of nutrition. (2005) [Pubmed]
  29. MALDI-MS and colorimetric analysis of diisocyanate and polyol migrants from model polyurethane adhesives used in food packaging. Lawson, G., Bartram, S., Fitchner, S., Woodland, E.D. The Analyst. (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. Atopy and asthma in migrants. Rottem, M., Szyper-Kravitz, M., Shoenfeld, Y. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Symptoms of asthma, bronchial responsiveness and atopy in immigrants and emigrants in Europe. European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Tobias, A., Soriano, J.B., Chinn, S., Anto, J.M., Sunyer, J., Burney, P. Eur. Respir. J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  32. A comparison of median frequency, spectral edge frequency, a frequency band power ratio, total power, and dominance shift in the determination of depth of anesthesia. Drummond, J.C., Brann, C.A., Perkins, D.E., Wolfe, D.E. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1991) [Pubmed]
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