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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Further in vivo studies on attenuating morphine withdrawal: isoform-selective nitric oxide synthase inhibitors differ in efficacy.

The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-nitric oxide (NO) pathway has been linked to opiate withdrawal. Pretreatments with four inhibitors of NO synthase, 7-nitro indazole, 3-bromo-7-nitro indazole, S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline and aminoguanidine, which exhibit different isoform selectivity in vitro, were evaluated for their ability to attenuate signs of naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal. In separate experiments, effects of NO synthase inhibitors on blood pressure were measured in naive and morphine-dependent rats. 7-Nitro indazole, 3-bromo-7-nitro indazole and S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline, which are specific inhibitors of the constitutive isoforms, produced dose-dependent reductions of several signs of withdrawal. Blood pressure was unaffected by the indazoles, whereas S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline produced a strong vasoconstrictor response. Aminoguanidine, which selectively inhibits inducible NO synthase, reduced fewer signs of opioid withdrawal, had a lower relative potency and exhibited no vasopressor activity. These data suggest that constitutive isoforms, but not the inducible isoform of NO synthase, have a primary role in NO-mediated processes that modulate the opioid withdrawal syndrome in the rat.[1]


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