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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of the insulin-like growth factor system in the hypokalemic rat kidney.

We studied the renal expression of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system to gain a better perspective of its potential role in the hyperplastic adaptation of the distal nephron to potassium deficiency. Rats were pair fed 1% or 0.002% potassium diets for periods up to 10 days. IGF-I mRNA was diminished in potassium-deficient rats within 4 days, whereas mRNA for IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), a collecting duct-associated protein, was increased by day 7. At day 10 mRNA for IGFBP-1 in potassium-deficient animals averaged 2.07 +/- 0.53 (mean +/- SD, relative densitometry units) compared with 0.89 +/- 0.26 in control rats (n = 4, P = 0.002). Conversely, IGFBP-3, a binding protein whose mRNA has been localized to the interstitial compartment, averaged 2.40 +/- 0.02 in potassium-deficient rats and 4.77 +/- 0.05 in controls (n = 4, P < 0.03) at day 10 of treatment. Immunohistochemistry performed using a specific IGFBP-1 antibody revealed hyperplasia of distal nephron segments along with an increase in IGFBP-1 in potassium-depleted rats. These data suggest that IGFBP-1 may play an important role in the control of cellular adaptations in the hypokalemic rat kidney either directly by influencing cell migration or indirectly by localizing IGF-I to the distal nephron.[1]


  1. Expression of the insulin-like growth factor system in the hypokalemic rat kidney. Rohan, R.M., Unterman, T.G., Liu, L., Hise, M.K. Am. J. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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