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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Bullous pemphigoid and cicatricial pemphigoid autoantibodies react with ultrastructurally separable epitopes on the BP180 ectodomain: evidence that BP180 spans the lamina lucida.

The BP180 antigen is a hemidesmosomal glycoprotein that is recognized by autoantibodies associated with three autoimmune disorders, bullous pemphigoid (BP), herpes gestationis (HG), and cicatricial pemphigoid (CP). BP and HG sera have been shown to recognize a common extracellular site located near the membrane-spanning domain of this protein, whereas CP sera react predominantly with a distinct site near the C terminus. In the current study, the main immunogenic sites on the BP180 ectodomain were ultrastructurally localized using six BP sera, four CP sera, and two rabbit antisera. The immunolocalization pattern of BP sera was largely restricted to the upper lamina lucida region immediately subjacent to the epidermal hemidesmosome and closely resembled that of a rabbit antiserum directed against the NC16A (membrane-proximal) domain of BP180. CP sera, on the other hand, exhibited a lower lamina lucida/lamina densa labeling pattern that was strikingly similar to that of rabbit antibodies to the BP180 C-terminal region. Finally, antibodies to the BP180 C-terminal region co-localized with an anti-laminin-5 antibody in the anchoring filament zone. These findings strongly suggest that the BP180 extracellular domain exists in an extended conformation, with the C terminus of this protein projecting into the lamina densa. These data support the hypothesis that BP180 contributes to the structure and function of the anchoring filaments. Differences in the ultrastructural mapping of BP and CP autoantibodies appear to correlate with epitope mapping data, which, together, may help to explain the clinical heterogeneity observed in this group of bullous disorders.[1]

References

  1. Bullous pemphigoid and cicatricial pemphigoid autoantibodies react with ultrastructurally separable epitopes on the BP180 ectodomain: evidence that BP180 spans the lamina lucida. Bédane, C., McMillan, J.R., Balding, S.D., Bernard, P., Prost, C., Bonnetblanc, J.M., Diaz, L.A., Eady, R.A., Giudice, G.J. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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