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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Increasing 4'-epidoxorubicin and fixed ifosfamide doses plus granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in advanced soft tissue sarcomas: a pilot study.

PURPOSE: To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of 4'-epidoxorubicin (EPI) in combination with full dose of ifosfamide (IFO) when granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was used, to estimate its clinical efficacy, and to evaluate the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Previously untreated advanced patients were treated with fixed doses of IFO at 1.8 g/m2/d for 5 days and escalating doses of EPI. The starting dose level of EPI was 50 mg/m2 bolus on days 1 and 2; subsequent levels were 60 mg/m2 and 70 mg/ m2 given on days 1 and 2. GM-CSF (5 micrograms/kg/d) was administered from days +6 to +19. Clinical evaluation of response was performed after three consecutive cycles. Mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors was evaluated as day 14 CFU-GM after the first cycle only. RESULTS: Overall, six, 18, and 13 assessable patients were entered onto each EPI dose level, respectively. The first and the second EPI level were considered feasible. Conversely, at the third level, only six of 13 patients [46%] tolerated full EPI doses at the scheduled time. Therefore, the dose-intensity of the three levels was 100%, 99.7%, and 86.1%, respectively. Overall, 20 of 37 patients (54%) obtained an objective response. The response rates for the three EPI dose levels were significantly different [17%, 33%, and 100%, respectively; test for trend, P < .001]. Considering only lung metastases, the overall response rate was 72% (20%, 66%, and 100% for the three EPI levels, respectively). The most relevant mobilization effect was obtained at the third EPI level, when both GM-CSF and IL-3 were used as in vitro-stimulating factors. CONCLUSION: The third EPI level (70 mg/m2 on days 1 and 2) is the MTD of this program, since it was administered, without dose reduction or treatment delay, for three consecutive cycles in less than half of the patients. Nevertheless, this level proved to be interesting with regard to response rate (13 of 13 objective responses) and in mobilization of the hematopoietic progenitors.[1]

References

  1. Increasing 4'-epidoxorubicin and fixed ifosfamide doses plus granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in advanced soft tissue sarcomas: a pilot study. Frustaci, S., Buonadonna, A., Galligioni, E., Favaro, D., De Paoli, A., Lo Re, G., Sorio, R., Tumolo, S., Monfardini, S. J. Clin. Oncol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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