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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An isoamylase with neutral pH optimum from a Flavobacterium species: cloning, characterization and expression of the iam gene.

The gene encoding an isoamylase with neutral pH optimum (iam) from a Flavobacterium species was cloned using a PCR probe generated from highly conserved regions of amylolytic enzymes. Active isoamylase was expressed from a 4.9-kb Pst I fragment in Escherichia coli, and was detected in the extracellular medium by a plate assay. The iam nucleotide sequence has an open reading frame of 2334 nucleotides (778 amino acids) with a GC content of 69%. Sequence analysis suggests that transcriptional control of the Flavobacterium sp. iam gene is mediated through the product of a malT regulatory gene. The deduced amino acid sequence of iam contained an N-terminal signal peptide of 32 amino acids, and was 61% homologous with Pseudomonas amyloderamosa isoamylase. The mature enzyme, which was engineered for overexpression in E. coli and purified to homogeneity, has a relative molecular mass of 83 kDa, a pH optimum of 6-7, and a highest rate of hydrolysis for glycogen (but did not cleave pullulan). Polyclonal antiserum generated from purified donor isoamylase cross-reacted with crude and purified recombinant isoamylase from E. coli. This is the first report of the cloning, characterization, and sequence of an novel isoamylase that has a neutral pH optimum. A comparison of the sequence of Flavobacterium sp. iam with acidic isoamylase from Pseudomonas sp. identified putative residues which may be associated with the pH for optimal activity of isoamylases.[1]


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