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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Is the antiproteinuric response to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system less effective during the night?

BACKGROUND: In glomerular disease proteinuria usually has a circadian pattern with maximum excretion during the day. Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) results in a 50% reduction of proteinuria as measured in 24-h urine collections. We questioned whether anti-proteinuric treatment by blockade of the RAS is as effective during the day as during the night. METHODS: We analysed data from two intervention studies on proteinuria in patients with non-diabetic renal disease. In the first study, six hospitalized patients (proteinuria 5.8 +/- 2.9 g/day) were treated with the renin-inhibitor remikiren 600 mg o.d. during 8 days. In the second study eight ambulant patients (proteinuria 7.5 +/- 2.7 g/day) were treated during 6 weeks with the ACE-inhibitor trandolapril 4 mg o.d. Urine was collected in a day- and in a night-time portion. RESULTS: Daytime proteinuria declined from 0.29 +/- 0.15 to 0.22 +/- 0.11 g/h (P < 0.05) during remikiren and from 0.33 +/- 0.14 to 0.16 +/- 0.08 g/h (P < 0.05) during trandolapril. Night-time proteinuria, however, was not significantly reduced from 0.23 +/- 0.11 to 0.19 +/- 0.11 g/h during remikiren and from 0.29 +/- 0.17 to 0.20 +/- 0.12 g/h during trandolapril. Both interventions effectively lowered blood pressure during the day as well as the night. CONCLUSION: In both studies relative nocturnal therapy resistance to the antiproteinuric effect of RAS blockade was found, despite 24-h efficacy of blood pressure effect. This may have clinical relevance because it contributes to rest-proteinuria and thus may affect long term renal function outcome. It may be worthwhile to explore alternative therapeutic regimens to improve the nocturnal antiproteinuric response.[1]


  1. Is the antiproteinuric response to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system less effective during the night? Buter, H., Hemmelder, M.H., van Paassen, P., Navis, G., de Zeeuw, D., de Jong, P.E. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. (1997) [Pubmed]
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