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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neurokinin receptors ( NK1, NK2) in the mouse: a pharmacological study.

Experiments were performed on strips of mouse stomach and urinary bladder to characterize the receptors involved in the contractile responses of these tissues to neurokinins (substance P (SP), neurokinin A ( NKA), neurokinin B (NKB), and neuropeptide gamma (NP gamma). The neurokinin receptors were characterized by using assays with selective agonists as well as peptide and nonpeptide antagonists and by applying the two Schild criteria for receptor classification, namely, the order of potency of agonists and the apparent affinity of competitive antagonists. The mouse stomach contains primarily NK1 and NK2 functional sites and possibly some NK3 receptors, whereas the urinary bladder possesses only the NK2 receptor. The rank order of potency of agonists in the stomach is Ac[Arg6,Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP-(6-11) > NKA > SP > [beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10) > NKB > [MePhe7]NKB. Among the selective agonists, Ac[Arg6,Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP-(6-11) is more active than SP and [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP on the NK1 receptor, whereas the order of potency on the NK2 receptor is NKA > NP gamma > or = [beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10) > [Nle10]NKA-(4-10). The order of potency of agonists in the bladder is NP gamma > NKA > [beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10). The myotropic responses mediated by NK1 selective agonists are blocked by SR 140333 (pA2 8.57) and those mediated by the NK2 selective agonists are inhibited by SR 48968 (pA2 9.05). RP 67580 (pA2 8.41) is more active than CP 99994 (pA2 6.06) on the mouse NK1 receptor. The NK1 receptor of the mouse shows, therefore, a pharmacological profile similar to that of the NK1 receptor of the rat. Similarly, MEN 10627 (pA2 9.20) is more active than R 396 (pA2 6.21), suggesting that the mouse NK2 receptor is similar to that of the rabbit. The mouse NK2 receptor of the urinary bladder shows similarity with that of the stomach, but is less sensitive to [beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10).[1]


  1. Neurokinin receptors (NK1, NK2) in the mouse: a pharmacological study. Nsa Allogho, S., Nguyen-Le, X.K., Gobeil, F., Pheng, L.H., Regoli, D. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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