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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of prostaglandin E1 and its main metabolites after intracavernous injection and short-term infusion of prostaglandin E1 in patients with erectile dysfunction.

PURPOSE: Alprostadil (prostaglandin E1) is the preferred monotherapy for intracavernous injection in the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Our study was designed to evaluate whether there is a difference in the pharmacokinetics of prostaglandin E1 and its main metabolites after intracavernous injection or short-term intravenous infusion. In addition, we also investigated the influence of the erectile response on prostaglandin E1 kinetics after intracavernous injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients with erectile dysfunction received, in a randomized order at an interval of 5 hours, an intracavernous injection or a 30-minute intravenous infusion of 20 microg. of alprostadil alfadex (prostaglandin E1). Venous blood samples were obtained 5 minutes before and at various times after the applications. We used highly sensitive gas chromatography/double-mass spectrometry method to measure prostaglandin E1 and its metabolites in plasma. RESULTS: We demonstrated the presence of relevant systemic blood levels of prostaglandin E1 and its metabolites immediately after intracavernous injection. We found significantly lower systemic prostaglandin E1 concentrations between 7 and 20 minutes after intracavernous injection in patients with an erectile response compared with those without. CONCLUSIONS: We found significant systemic concentrations of prostaglandin E1 and its metabolites after intracavernous injection. The systemic presence did not lead to significant changes in vital signs.[1]


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