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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apolipoprotein B binding to microsomal triglyceride transfer protein decreases with increases in length and lipidation: implications in lipoprotein biosynthesis.

Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), a heterodimer of 97 kDa and protein disulfide isomerase, is required for the assembly of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. These proteins have been shown to interact with each other during early stages of lipoprotein biosynthesis. Our studies indicated that binding between apoB and heterodimeric MTP was of high affinity (Kd 10-30 nM) due to ionic interactions. In contrast to MTP, protein disulfide isomerase alone interacted very poorly with lipoproteins, indicating the importance of the heterodimer in these bindings. Preincubation of lipoproteins with detergents enhanced their interaction with MTP. Native VLDL bound poorly to MTP, but its preincubation with Tween-20 resulted in significantly increased binding to MTP. Furthermore, binding of LDL was enhanced by preincubation with taurocholate, indicating that partial delipidation of apoB-containing lipoproteins results in increased binding to MTP. Subsequently, attempts were made to study interactions between C-terminally truncated apoB polypeptides and MTP. Binding of all the polypeptides to MTP was enhanced in the presence of taurocholate. Comparisons revealed that the binding of different apoB polypeptides to MTP was in the order of apoB18 > apoB28 > apoB42 > apoB100. These studies indicated that optimum interactions occur between apoB18 and MTP, and that the increase in apoB length beyond apoB18 has a negative effect on these interactions. Since apoB18 does not assemble triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, these studies suggest that apoB may interact with MTP before its lipidation. It is proposed that steps in lipoprotein biosynthesis may be dictated by the sequential display of different functional domains on the apoB polypeptide.[1]


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