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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IGF-I induces collagen and IGFBP-5 mRNA in rat intestinal smooth muscle.

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein 5 (IGFBP-5) mRNA was studied in intestines of rats with peptidoglycan-polysaccharide enterocolitis by Northern analysis and in situ hybridization. IGFBP-5 mRNA was increased 2.4 +/- 0.5-fold in inflamed rat colon compared with controls and was highly expressed in smooth muscle. Cultured rat intestinal smooth muscle cells were used to study the regulation of IGFBP-5 and type I collagen synthesis. IGF-I (100 ng/ml) increased IGFBP-5 mRNA (1.9 +/- 0.1-fold) and collagen type alpha1(I) mRNA (1.6 +/- 0.2-fold) in cultured smooth muscle cells. IGF-I induced a dose- and time-dependent increase in IGFBP-5 in conditioned medium by Western ligand blot and by immunoblot. IGF-I did not affect the IGFBP-5 mRNA decay rate after transcriptional blockade. Cycloheximide abolished IGFBP-5 mRNA. In conclusion, IGFBP-5 mRNA is expressed by intestinal smooth muscle and is increased during chronic inflammation. IGF-I increases IGFBP-5 and collagen mRNAs in intestinal smooth muscle cells.[1]


  1. IGF-I induces collagen and IGFBP-5 mRNA in rat intestinal smooth muscle. Zimmermann, E.M., Li, L., Hou, Y.T., Cannon, M., Christman, G.M., Bitar, K.N. Am. J. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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